Illinois Gun Laws Overview

Weapons Offenses Chicago Guide

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    Illinois Gun Laws Overview: A Guide by Adams Defense Law

    At Adams Defense Law, we understand the importance of staying informed about Illinois gun laws.


    As experienced Chicago gun lawyers, we strive to provide our clients with the most up-to-date information and legal guidance.


    This overview of Illinois gun laws will cover the essential aspects of firearm ownership, possession, and use in the state, including the Firearm Owners Identification (FOID) Card, Concealed Carry License (CCL), and other relevant statutes.


    For more information on our legal defense services for Illinois weapons offenses, visit our main weapons page.

    Potential Penalties for Weapons Offenses in Illinois

    The penalties for weapons offenses in Illinois can be severe, depending on the specific offense and the circumstances surrounding the case.


    Some potential penalties include:

    • Misdemeanor charges, which may result in up to one year in jail and/or fines of up to $2,500

    • Felony charges, which may result in imprisonment for one to 50 years, depending on the severity of the offense

    • Enhanced penalties for repeat offenders or those with a history of violent crimes

    Chicago Gun Lawyers

    Weapons Law in Illinois

    Firearm Owners Identification (FOID) Card

    In Illinois, anyone who wants to possess or purchase firearms or ammunition must have a valid Firearm Owners Identification (FOID) Card. The Illinois State Police is responsible for issuing FOID cards, and applicants must meet the following requirements:

    • Be at least 21 years old (or have a parent/guardian’s written consent if between 18 and 20)
    • Not be prohibited from possessing firearms due to a felony conviction, domestic violence order, or mental health issues
    • Pass a background check

    Concealed Carry License (CCL)

    To legally carry a concealed firearm in Illinois, residents must obtain a Concealed Carry License (CCL). The Illinois State Police also issues CCLs, and applicants must meet these requirements:

    • Hold a valid FOID Card
    • Be at least 21 years old
    • Complete 16 hours of approved firearms training
    • Pass a background check, including fingerprinting

    Unlawful Use of Weapons (UUW) and Aggravated Unlawful Use of Weapons (AUUW)

    Illinois has specific laws that prohibit the unlawful use of weapons, including firearms. Some examples of UUW offenses include:

    • Possessing a firearm without a valid FOID Card
    • Carrying a concealed firearm without a valid CCL
    • Discharging a firearm in a prohibited area or manner

    Aggravated Unlawful Use of Weapons (AUUW) involves committing a UUW offense under specific aggravating circumstances, such as possessing a loaded firearm without a valid FOID Card or CCL, or possessing a weapon during the commission of another felony.

    Transporting Firearms in Illinois

    Firearms transported within the state must be unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other containers. Additionally, the container must not be immediately accessible or visible from outside the vehicle.

    Gun-Free Zones

    Illinois law designates several areas as gun-free zones, where possessing or discharging a firearm is prohibited. These areas include:

    • Schools and school property
    • Public parks and playgrounds
    • Government buildings
    • Public transportation vehicles and stations
    • Bars and other establishments where more than 50% of revenue comes from alcohol sales

    For a comprehensive list of gun-free zones in Illinois, refer to the Illinois State Police website.

    Chicago Weapons Offense Attorneys

    Understanding and complying with Illinois gun laws is crucial for responsible firearm ownership and use.


    At Adams Defense Law, our experienced Chicago gun lawyers are here to provide guidance and legal representation for those facing weapons offenses in Illinois. For more information on our legal defense services, visit our weapons charges defense strategies guide.


    Should you have any questions or require professional legal assistance, contact us to discuss your case.

    It’s essential to stay informed about changes to Illinois gun laws and any new legislation that may affect your rights as a gun owner. Some valuable resources for staying up-to-date on Illinois gun laws include the Illinois State Police Firearms Services Bureau and the National Rifle Association’s Institute for Legislative Action.

    Remember, the information provided here is only an overview of Illinois gun laws, and individual circumstances may vary.


    Always consult with a qualified attorney, like the experienced Chicago gun lawyers at Adams Defense Law, for personalized legal advice and representation.

    By staying informed about Illinois gun laws and working with knowledgeable legal professionals, you can help protect your rights and ensure responsible firearm ownership and use in the state.

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